In 1900, Juan Zuniga’s daughter, Redacinde Jackson, lost her black husband.She then returned with her children to her father’s home.Most of the black women and men of Cameron and Hidalgo Counties migrated from the Deep South to the southern most region of Texas. Out of the 18 interracial households in Cameron County, nine families (50%) owned their land while nine families rented.In Hidalgo County, 10 out of 25 or 40% of the interracially married couples owned land.These interracial marriages along the Lower Rio Grande Valley for the most part were black men marrying ethnic Mexican women or first generation Tejanas (Texas-born women of Mexican descent).Typical of these marriages was the union of Louis and Angle Rutledge of Hidalgo County.In 1849, for example, slave-owner Lad Kinchlow of Wharton County, Texas, freed and sent one-year-old Ben Kinchlow, his older brother, and his mother, Lizaer Moore, to Matamoros, Mexico.
Since ethnic Mexicans were considered white by Texas officials and the U. government, such marriages were a violation of the state's anti-miscegenation laws.Kinchlow said in a 1937 WPA interview that he "fell in love" with Antonita Flores: Antonita was the one I fell in love with… I used to go by Antonita an' smile an' pass her a sign an' she always answered. I thought lots of her an' I knowed she thought lots of me.I would have married her if I had stayed on there but I was young an' hadn't even joined up with [Texas Ranger Lee] Mc Nally [of Brownsville, Texas] yet an' when I left their [sic], I drifted farther away an' never did go back. We used to ride together but most of the time the old man was with us.In neighboring Hidalgo County, where the largest cities are Donna, Mc Allen, and Edinburg, Texas, there were 18 out of 25 families interracially married or 72% of the black population.These two counties had the highest rates of interracial marriages involving at least one black spouse in the United States at that time.