Indeed, the winter-solstice date of the Greek sun and wine god Dionysus was originally recognized in early January but was eventually placed on December 25, as related by ancient Latin writer Macrobius (c. Regardless, the effect is the same: The winter sun god is born around this time, when the shortest day of the year begins to become longer. ) discussed the birth of the god Aion, son of the Greek goddess Persephone or Kore ("Maiden"), at the time of the winter solstice. He is made to appear small at the time of the winter solstice, when upon a certain day the Egyptians take him out of the crypt, because on this the shortest day of the year it is as though he were a little child....Macrobius transfers [this feast] to the day of the winter solstice, December 25.The title "King of Kings" and other epithets may reflect Dionysus's kinship with Osiris: During the late 18th to early 19th dynasties (c.1300 BCE), Osiris's epithets included, "the king of eternity, the lord of everlastingness, who traverseth millions of years in the duration of his life, the firstborn son of the womb of Nut, begotten of Seb, the prince of gods and men, the god of gods, the king of kings, the lord of lords, the prince of princes, the governor of the world whose existence is for everlasting." (Budge, liii) Dionysus's death and resurrection were famous in ancient times, so much so that Christian father Origen (c. 254) felt the need to address them in his Contra Celsus (IV, XVI-XVII), comparing them unfavorably, of course, to those of Christ.And the virgin conceived the ever-dying, ever-living god of bread and wine, Dionysus, who was born and nurtured in that cave, torn to death as a babe and resurrected...(Campbell, , 4.27) This same direct appellation is used by Cambridge professor and anthropologist Sir Dr.(Hugh-Jones, 108) Using the scholarly Greek term parthenos, meaning "virgin," in (95) Dr.Marguerite Rigoglioso concludes: "Semele was also likely a holy parthenos by virtue of the fact that she gave birth to Dionysus via her union with Zeus (Hesiod, Theogony 940)." These learned individuals had reason to consider Dionysus's mother a virgin, as, again, he was also said to have been born of Persephone/Kore, whom, once more from Epiphanius, was herself deemed a "virgin," or parthenos.
Some were even considered interchangeable, such as the Egyptian gods Osiris, Horus and Ra.The Greek god of wine, Dionysus or Bacchus, also called Iacchus, has been depicted as having been born of a virgin mother on December 25th; performing miracles such as changing water into wine; appearing surrounded by or one of 12 figures; bearing epithets such as "Father" and "Savior"; dying; resurrecting after three days; and ascending into heaven.Dionysus shares the following attributes in common with the Christ character as found in the New Testament and Christian tradition.In this regard, professor emeritus of Classics at the University of Pennsylvania Dr.Donald White (183) says, "As a title 'Parthenos' was appropriate to both Demeter and Persephone..." The fact that Persephone is associated with parthenogenesis, the scholarly term for "virgin birth," lends credence to the notion that Dionysus was virgin-born.