Bastian Dankert (Germany)Artur Soares Dias (Portugal)Paweł Gil (Poland)Massimiliano Irrati (Italy)Tiago Martins (Portugal)Danny Makkelie (Netherlands)Daniele Orsato (Italy)Paolo Valeri (Italy)Felix Zwayer (Germany) Shortly after the International Football Association Board's decision to incorporate video assistant referees (VARs) into the Laws of the Game, on 16 March 2018, the FIFA Council took the much-anticipated step of approving the use of VAR for the first time in a FIFA World Cup tournament.
are very close to the Europe-Asia border, to reduce travel time for the teams in the huge country.
France won the match 4–2 to claim their second World Cup title, marking the fourth consecutive title won by a European team.
During the bidding process, the three remaining non-UEFA nations (Australia, Japan, and the United States) gradually withdrew from the 2018 bids, and the UEFA nations were thus ruled out of the 2022 bid.
A total of 64 matches were played in 12 venues across 11 cities.
The 2018 final took place on 15 July at the Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow, between France and Croatia.
The 2018 FIFA World Cup was the 21st FIFA World Cup, an international football tournament contested by the men's national teams of the member associations of FIFA once every four years.
It took place in Russia from 14 June to 15 July 2018.
A new referee was not appointed, but two assistant referees, Hasan Al Mahri of the United Arab Emirates and Hiroshi Yamauchi of Japan, were added to the list.England, which was bidding to host its second tournament, was eliminated in the first round.The English Football Association and others raised concerns of bribery on the part of the Russian team and corruption from FIFA members.For the draw, the teams were allocated to four pots based on the FIFA World Rankings of October 2017.Pot 1 contained the hosts Russia (who were automatically assigned to position A1) and the best seven teams, pot 2 contained the next best eight teams, and so on for pots 3 and 4.