The axe is one of the oldest tools used by mankind.
The oldest axes, known as hand axes, had no shaft and were used by Homo ergaster is the name used for fossils of humans of the Homo genus who lived in Eastern and Southern Africa between 1.9 and 1.4 million years ago.
The blade expands out into a concentric cutting edge, which is extremely worn.
The axe is 135.10mm long, and is 24.95mm wide, 7.95mm thick at the butt end, with the damaged flange increasing the thickness to 21.21mm.
They tend to be seen as a working axe, and originate from roughly 3700–3200 BC.
The older types are generally longer and broader and have a thinner butt than the later thick-butted axe.
The edge is polished and the butt bears signs of hammering.# Bronze Age Britain refers to the period of British history that spanned from c. 1500-1200 BC Late Bronze Age arrow head A palstave is a development of the flat axe, where the shaped sides are cast rather than hammered Bronze Age (c.1500-1400BC) cast copper alloy primary shield pattern palstave, dating to the Acton Park Phase. Lasting for approximately 1,700 years, it was preceded by the era of Neolithic Britain and was in turn followed by the era of Iron Age Britain.The species name ergaster comes from the Greek word for worker and was chosen after the discovery of several tools, such as stone axes and cutters, close to skeletal remains from this group.The hand axe was a pear-shaped and roughly chipped stone tool brought to an even point, with a broad handle.